Many must have visited multiple museums internationally, in India and for sure in Goa too, but when asked what is a Museum. Many are baffled and not able to explain what a museum actually in Goa is?
What is a Museum?
A museum is an organization that cares for (safeguards) an assortment of artefacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, or historical importance and makes them accessible for public observing through exhibitions that may be permanent or temporary.
Archaeological Museum of Goa
The Archaeological Museum in Old Goa was established up in the Convent of St. Francis of Assisi in 1964. In 1981-82 the Museum was completely repositioned and restructured before the common wealth head of the state meet in 1983. From 01.04.1998, the Archaeological Museum at Old Goa was merged with the Mini Circle, Goa. The Dy. Superintending Archaeologist, Mini Circle was also the Head of office for the Archaeological Museum, Old Goa. Again it was on 01.04.2010, the Archaeological Museum at Old Goa was made an independent office and Deputy Superintending Archaeologist has been made as an self-governing officer observing the museums under western zone.
What is the Archaeological Survey of India?
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the highest organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the country of India.Conservation & Preservation of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance and it is the prime concern of the ASI. For the maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance the entire country of India is divided into 24 Circles. The ASI organization has a large work force of trained archaeologists, conservators, epigraphist, architects and scientists for directing archaeological research projects through its Circles, Museums, Excavation Branches, Prehistory Branch, Epigraphy Branches, Science Branch, Horticulture Branch, Building Survey Project, Temple Survey Projects and Underwater Archaeology Wing.
The Archaeological Survey of India, established in 1861 is an office under the Ministry of Culture devoted to the safety, preservation and security of the national monuments. It is a multidisciplinary organization including examination and excavation, chemical conservation, Horticultural operation, Museum, underwater archaeology, Pre-History Branch, Epigraphy, Publication etc. With the development of the Survey, the scope and range of the activities of all the branches increased rapidly. As on today, there are 3667 centrally endangered monuments including 22 World Heritage Monuments/Sites.
Some famous Museums of Goa
Goa Chitra Museum, Goa State Museum, Naval Aviation Museum, Goa Crosses Museum, Museum of Christian Art, Goa Science Center, Houses of Goa Museum, Ancestral Goa, Caliz, Kerkar Art Museum, Wax World Museum, Archaeological Museum & Portrait Gallery, Ashvek Vintage World, Kala Academy Art Gallery, Christian Art Museum, Archives Museum, Big Foot Art Gallery, Rachol Christian Art Museum, Galleries at Se Cathedral St. Francis of Assisi Convent & Basilica of Bom Jesus, Galleria de Icons